Of the 494 thousand hectares of lands owned by Klabin, 211 thousand hectares are preserved native woodlands of the Atlantic Rainforest.
In these areas, the Company practices an ample program of research and conservation of the fauna and flora, by monitoring the biodiversity in its forests and identifying species considered to be rare or endangered. The program, run in conjunction with universities, research institutes and specialized companies, entails the survey of birds, mammals, reptiles, insects and species of vegetation.
Procedures are also adopted to execute impacting activities with specific care – harvesting for example – in productive areas adjacent to preserved areas. The indicator used is the percentage of preserved areas in relation to the total area. In 2013, this proportion was: 39.6% for Parana; 48.3% for Santa Catarina; and 40.9% for São Paulo.
The Stewardship Plan of the forestry units is drawn up every year and, among other aspects, includes the data of biodiversity, for the purpose of reducing impacts as well as recuperating areas to improve the environmental conditions of the native reserves. In 2013, these actions involved 215.25 hectares, in Parana, and 546 hectares, in Santa Catarina.
The partners, belonging to the Forestry Incentives Program and who supply wood to Klabin, are given instructions and guidance to make good legal use of their properties, through the Legal Woods Program, run in partnership with the NGO Apremavi (Association for the Preservation of the Environment and Life). Moreover, the initiatives to certify fostered companies with the FSC® are also aimed at improvements in forest stewardship. |GRI EN13; EN14|
Klabin also runs a program to monitor the forest wild animals, with the help of sighting cards which are filled out by its employees. On sighting examples of fauna in the areas of the Company, the workers fill out a card, which is later registered in the system and contributes to the follow-up of native fauna. In 2013, there were 1,826 sightings of animals of 72 different species – among them endangered animals, such as the giant ant-eater, the maned wolf and the puma – in the company’s forests.
Areas of high biodiversity outside the protected areas |GRI EN11|
|Parana (Telemaco Borba and surroundings)||Santa Catarina (Lages and surroundings)||São Paulo (Angatuba and surroundings)|
|Size of the operational unit, in km2||1,343||1,103||1,079||622||659||666||47||36||36|
|Type of operation||Conservation||Conservation||Conservation|
|Value of the biodiversity||Mixed and seasonal semi-deciduous ombrophylous forests||Dense and mixed ombrophylous forests and Grasslands, within the Atlantic Rainforest||Dense and mountainous ombrophylous and seasonal semi-deciduous forests and forested savanna|
Number of species on the Red List of IUCN and other conservation lists* |GRI EN15|
|Risk of extinction||Paraná||Santa Catarina||São Paulo|
|Identified||At risk||Identified||At risk||Identified||At risk|
|Total of threatened species**||2,043||617||1,112||341||333||248|
|Total of animals (IUCN 2010)||754||556||306||281||333||248|
|Total of plants (IUCN 2009)||1,289||61||806||60||0||0|
* The control table of biodiversity was adjusted due to verifications in the taxonomic categories of individuals identified in the studies and surveys made in the Forestry Units. The numbers reported accumulate with previous years.
** There is no identification of which species are critically endangered, vulnerable or slightly endangered.
With the creation of RPPN’s (Private Natural Heritage Reserves), private companies such as Klabin became responsible for areas to be preserved and were able to create sustainable activities and business with low environmental impact, enhancing conservation of biodiversity, scientific research and the interests of the communities.
The first of Klabin’s areas recognized as a RPPN, with 3,852 hectares, is located on the Monte Alegre Farm, in Telemaco Borba (PR). In Santa Catarina, the process with the State’s environmental organ to create the RPPN Serra da Farofa Complex, with approximately 5 thousand hectares, has been concluded. |GRI EN11|
The reserve is located in a mountainous region, at an altitude of 1,700 meters, in one of the coldest places in the country. The sources of the Canoas and Caveiras Rivers, which flow through the towns of Otacilio Costa, Correia Pinto and Lages are located on the farm.
The Serra da Farofa is of considerable significance for the biodiversity of the Atlantic Rain Forest because it contains important formations of vegetation such as the araucaria forests on its slopes. Scientific work carried out in the areas of RPPN has already identified almost 600 species of flora and 75 species of fauna.